Mass Immersion Approach
Patreon Q&A Archive
Table of Contents
00:29 – Have you talked to Khatzumoto?
17:21 – What should I be “doing” while actively immersing
21:29 – What is the minimum to maintain fluency?
27:17- I only do passive immersion and things aren’t working, what’s wrong?
30:39 – When do I make a card and when do I just keep going?
34:36 – Give me some intellectually stimulating Japanese content
46:18 – I’m not motivated and don’t enjoy learning Japanese, is it still worth my time?
00:23 – What are your plans regarding moving to Japan?
02:30 – When and how to go about dropping the SRS? (My life post SRS)
07:25 – Tae Kim: is “essential grammar” enough? (Theory vs Practice applied to grammar)
14:27 – Pitch accent of names and places?
18:50 – Should I up my active immersion?
21:31 – Current thoughts on reading before listening? (New thoughts on the order of learning)
35:17 – How to approach words with multiple meanings?
37:14 – What do you think of MCDs? What about normal production cards?
42:03 – How to grade monolingual sentence cards
45:08 – Lazy Kanji clarification
46:28 – Immersion while high? Weed and language acquisition
48:55 – How to develop a personality in your L2
56:35 – Bonus: a recent story from school. Incompetence of professors and how to master classical Japanese.
00:24 – Could you interview someone around 1 year into the process?
02:24 – Do you still watch anime?
09:34 – How much listening should I do before I start reading?
14:01 – How has psychedelics changed your perspective?
39:45 – How/when should I get started with pitch accent? How to color code for pitch?
51:36 – Thoughts on Khatz’s “multiplexed input”?
55:30 – How to start reading as a beginner?
56:28 – What do you think about this study about watching with subtitles?
1:01:16 – Japanese immersion sources that aren’t obnoxious?
1:06:17 – Are Chinese subtitles for English shows ok to make sentence cards out of?
1:07:10 – How does attention affect the subconscious when doing active immersion?
1:19:30 – Should I put English translations on BSCs?
00:15 – How comprehensible should input be when you’re intermediate
07:35 – Have you ever had any plateaus? What to do when you’re stuck
15:11 – Passive immersion playlist structure?
18:20 – What do you think of fantasy/sci-fi anime? Do you like fantasy/sci-fi in general?
24:47 – Good sources for train katakana reading? Is your katakana reading ability native level?
29:17 – How do I learn to speak naturally (and not like an anime character)
39:23 – Do you play video games? Are video games good for immersion?
45:43 – How to deconstruct false assumptions about language and culture
53:05 – Is SuperMemo better than Anki?
58:57 – How many years of AJATT does it take to get confused for a native on the phone?
1:02:40 – Is it ok to make cards for sentences I don’t fully understand?
1:09:08 – MorphMan for the monolingual transition?
0:13 – Is it good to re-watch shows in active immersion?
4:48 – How do I know which MIA Stage I am at?
10:23 – Is “speak Japanese with ‘flat’ intonation” good advice?
18:03 – How would you go about learning programming?
22:18 – How you ever seen non-conformist Japanese people?
32:18 – Should I use pictures instead of English definitions?
38:11 – How much progress can I expect in a year?
40:22 – In the Perfectionist Path, when should I make the monolingual transition?
41:15 – What do you think about using Yomichan as a stand-alone dictionary?
43:21 – How has your meditation practice been going?
56:25 – Is learning to understand Kansai-ben difficult?
1:01:57 – Can you walk us through some monolingual definitions?
00:32 – How strict were you about ALL Japanese ALL the time?
09:30 – Do linguists know about the input hypothesis?
21:17 – Are you going to make more videos of you speaking Japanese?
25:32 – How to learn Japanese cursive?
34:22 – What makes you most grateful that you know Japanese?
41:18 – Can I get fluent with 1 hour a day?
48:50 – Tell me every single insight you’ve ever had
50:18 – How should I spend my time in Japan?
56:56 – Have you/will you take the 漢字検定?
58:19 – How would learning Mandarin be different from learning Japanese?
1:03:22 – Should I SRS names?
1:07:47 – Are you going to take the JLPT? Advice for the JLPT?
1:11:29 – How many kanji can you read?
1:12:41 – How do you stay motivated to keep meditating?
00:32 – Have you considered becoming a translator?
10:52 – Should I limit how many sentences I mine from a single source?
12:49 – Matt’s current take on each of Krashen’s 5 hypotheses
42:23 – How many water bottles do you go through in a day?
42:38 – How do I stay in the moment while listening?
46:24 – Overall Anki setup?
48:03 – How much reading is required to counteract not SRSing?
1:02:18 – Why is Japanese pitch accent harder than Mandarin tones?
1:21:08 – Matt’s experience with pitch accent
1:31:25 – Did you film your April Fools video in one take?
0:23 – What is the anime you mined the most?
1:17 – What do you do for fun, related and unrelated to Japanese?
8:35 – Where do you want to live in Japan?
10:14 – Which non-ajatters in the field would you want to have a conversation with?
13:31 – How good were you at 18 months? Are some people truly fluent after 18 months?
23:46 – How many reps did you do a day per average? What do you think about JALUP’s 250k reps + immersion = fluency
27:21 – How to utilize audiobooks/ebook pairs?
31:48 – What do you think about people mixing dialects in both English and Japanese?
44:43 – Is it bad to only sentence mine from books?
47:25 – Should I attempt to use visual novels to train listening ability?
49:50 – What other languages do you want to learn?
59:04 – Should I pause sentence mining to focus on pitch accent?
1:11:24 – How to do to monolingual RTK?
1:15:37 – Is there a way to make subs2srs decks out of audiobooks?
1:15:54 – What is that orange thing in your room?
1:00 – When is a good time to start an L3?
12:16 – Top 5 anime of all time? (Sorry, I was a dick in this one. Anime is fine; I’m just a little sick of people asking me about it)
13:19 – Is your listening ability native level?
15:00 – Favorite J-Drama?
16:43 – If you could trade the time you spent on Japanese into some other skill, what would it be?
19:00 – Is it a good idea to make twin audio-reading cards? Does a audio-reading pair count as one or two cards?
22:58 – Do heritage speakers have an advantage when doing MIA?
26:38 – What could and couldn’t you do in Japanese after 18 months?
31:24 – Should I read through Tae Kim while going through the Tango decks?
33:11 – How do you plan to promote MIA to the public
34:04 – Is there a Japanese syntax parser similar to Jisho.org but with no English?
34:50 – How to deal with homophones when listening?
38:54 – Should I make mnemonics to learn new words?
40:22 – How to rep audio-based bilingual sentence cards?
43:29 – If you figure out a new word’s meaning from context, should you still make a card?
44:34 – Do your Tango decks have audio or text on the front? Which way is better? Both?
46:24 – How strict should I be when grading text-based audio cards?
00:25 – Current take on cultural differences between Japan and the US
12:04 – What was it like speaking to Steve Kaufmann in Japanese?
13:47 – How to transition from reading manga to reading novels?
17:13 – Once you are able to understand, how do you transition to outputting?
23:40 – I am able to understand well; why am I not able to output?
26:22 – When and when not to use furigana?
31:42 – How to deal with words like “開(あ)ける” and “開(ひら)ける” when reading?
36:11 – How much time do you spend on Chinese each day?
38:23 – Do you regret deleting your anki deck? What is your current stance on SRSing as an advanced learner
52:50 – I want to know a difficult language (Japanese) and an easy language (Spanish); should I learn them at the same time?
58:54 – Do you like Japanese food? Is Japanese food in the States authentic?
1:07:00 – My reading ability is way better than my listening ability, what should I do?
1:14:56 – How to make monolingual SRS cards for vocab and grammar?
1:17:43 – How to learn readings after RTK?
00:42 – Do you know any older people who have become fluent? Does age matter in language learning?
08:10 – What are some English phrases/concepts that don’t exist in Japanese?
13:43 – What Japanese documentaries do you recommend?
15:12 – What are the benefits of being able to write out kanji from memory?
17:52 – Sentence cards only test recognition; should I make production cards as well?
24:33 – Are there any language learning YouTubers that you like? What YouTubers do you like in general?
31:31 – How has Nick been?
32:15 – Did you ever turn someone into an AJATTer IRL?
36:07 – I never used RTK; how to do monolingual traditional RTK?
38:01 – Will the MIA Japanese Support addon interfere with other addons? Does it work with MorphMan?
39:21 – How much immersion do you need to forgo anki?
40:50 – How often should I look things up while reading without furigana?
42:35 – How important is going monolingual when learning a language close to your L1?
46:04 – I am a beginner going to Japan in a month. How should I prepare to use the language in the country?
01:20 – What research do you have to back up your claim that premature output and excessive early reading negatively affect pronunciation in the long term?
17:30 – My immersion quality suffers from being burned out after work; is this normal? What should I do?
20:08 – Do Japanese people still say your Japanese is “cute”? Why do you think this happens?
23:29 – What are your thoughts on timeboxing?
28:59 – I find myself doubting the process; how do I deal with this?
40:44 – Who would win in a fight between you and Yoga?
41:22 – Are Japanese people racist towards Chinese people?
51:23 – How does JLPT N1 level translate to the 6-Point Model of Language Ability?
55:55 – Is English as hard for Japanese people as Japanese is for English speakers?
1:01:28 – I am struggling to switch from English to Japanese media; should I go cold turkey?
1:07:58 – How do you plan on moving away from piracy for the future of MIA?
1:14:07 – Is this a good way to train pitch accent perception?
1:19:54 – How many years where you into AJATT when you didn’t have to listen to Japanese 24/7 anymore?
1:21:46 – Why do you think there aren’t any girls doing MIA?
1:25:32 – When should I stop repping RTK (lazy kanji) cards?
1:29:53 – What are your current thoughts on removing cards once they pass a certain interval?
00:35 – How did you arrive at the conclusion that 10 cards a day is optimal?
05:43 – Does constant background immersion conflict with pursuing mindfulness in daily life?
12:15 – Are you actively trying to improve your Japanese output? How to reach a native level of output ability outside Japan?
28:54 – Help with transitioning to grammar and sentence mining after RTK
37:31 – What has your experience been with meditation retreats? Do you recommend going on one?
1:03:16 – If you had started meditating when you first started AJATT, would you be native level by now?
1:08:10 – Should I go out of my way to seek dialog-heavy immersion material, or just immerse with what I enjoy?
1:11:12 – How important is it to passively immerse with material you have actively consumed at least once?
1:17:23 – I only want to understand, and don’t care about output. How should I apply MIA for this goal?
1:25:08 – How to get good at writing in a foreign language?
1:29:08 – How to learn words without SRSing them?
1:34:06 – How to go from Recognition RTK to reading kanji in sentences? Should I use furigana?
1:36:30 – How to speed up the process of dropping mental translation and understanding directly though mentalese
1:39:18 – Is recalling the meaning of characters necessary for Recognition RTK?
00:18 – Why don’t you move to Japan right now? Wouldn’t that be better for MIA and your language goals?
11:49 – If your significant other was a native speaker of your L2 and wanted to assist your language learning, how would you instruct them to help you?
21:09 – Do you think it’s easier to reach a near-native level in Korean than in Japanese?
23:17 – So, what happened to MIA v1??
30:38 – If I don’t care about output, will it be more efficient to learn to read before developing listening ability?
39:56 – When tackling a new domain of language, is it a good idea to memorize the domain-specific vocabulary ahead of time (out of context)?
51:28 – How do I deal with loneliness when doing MIA?
1:00:33 – Japanese fonts seem very small. Should I purposely set font sizes small in order to adjust to smaller fonts?
1:05:31 – When it comes to learning kanji, is going from 0 to 2000 easier than going from 2000 to 5500?
1:06:42 – What do you think of Laoshu’s language learning method?
1:09:49 – You have said that knowing a word is nakadaka is USUALLY enough to infer exactly where the drop will be. But what are the cases where it will still be ambiguous?
1:19:02 – Where did you get all your physical Japanese books over the years?
1:21:20 – If you started an English language school in Japan, what would your classes look like?
00:14 – What is your opinion on Japanese girls?
04:49 – Do you think that the Japanese classes you took helped you in any way?
14:37 – Would you rather date an American girl or a Japanese girl?
15:48 – I only have 2 hours a day to spend on Japanese; how should I use my time?
22:55 – How often do you encounter i+1 and i+2 sentences?
29:50 – How often do you know every word in a sentence but still not understand it?
31:21 – How do I improve at pitch accent PASSIVELY using color coding with the MIA JS Support addon?
33:40 – My listening ability is lacking in specific areas (katakana words, etc.); will this improve automatically with more immersion, or do I need to actively pay attention to those areas?
41:32 – Will not studying pitch accent affect your ability to understand spoken Japanese?
44:19 – It is possible for humans to acquire animal languages?
48:33 – What are the pros and cons of audio-based sentences cards and text-based sentence cards? Which should I use?
53:08 – How much does studying classical Japanese benefit your modern Japanese abilities?
1:04:56 – If you wanted to reach “native level”, how would you go about it and how long would it take?
1:12:29 – How should I select what sentences to mine? Is being “i+1” the only criteria?
00:19 – Do you have plans to collab with Dogen?
01:44 – Is there anything that you don’t like about the Japanese language?
10:46 – What’s your favorite Japanese insult?
12:41 – How would you design a scientific study to gather evidence for your ideas on language learning?
19:31 – Do you recommend learning an L3? If so, when should you start?
31:49 – Do you think it’s a good idea to quanitify how many immersion hours are required for each stage of the MIA timeline?
36:20 – Does the number of necessarily hours per day to make progress change depending on the difficulty of your target language?
38:24 – If you had literally all day to study your target language, how would you structure your day?
46:18 – How do I become a more articulate speaker in my native language?
59:06 – Is excessive diversification of immersion sources unproductive?
1:01:17 – Did you ever explicitly practice writing out Japanese by hand? What is the best way to train this skill?
1:06:08 – What’s up with the YogaMatt podcast?
1:09:47 – How many of your cards became leeches? What to do about leeches?
1:12:25 – What do you think about creating an “output deck”?
00:49 – Are longer immersion sessions better than shorter immersion session?
02:43 – What does the learning process look like after basic fluency?
08:34 – Will MIA work without the meditation process?
09:31 – I hate Anki, and am thinking of not using it. Is this a bad decision?
13:15 – Will you interview people who learned languages other than Japanese?
14:19 – How can I embrace ambiguity and overcome my OCD?
17:23 – If you had all the time in the world, would you actively learn Chinese?
18:31 – How long did it take you to able to enjoy Japanese media the same way you enjoy English media?
23:42 – What are your views on willpower?
29:26 – Is it possible to reach native level without Anki?
31:03 – There are 10 i+1 sentences on each page; how do I choose which sentences to mine?
00:22 – Is speeding up immersion a good idea?
06:50 – How do you acquire grammar that isn’t necessary for comprehension?
19:31 – What would happen if you skipped the monolingual transition?
24:07 – When should I put my phone/computer into my target language?
28:34 – What has your experience been maintaining your Japanese with lower amounts of immersion and learning an L3?
37:42 – Is it worth it to meditate 10~15 minutes a day?
39:11 – Is passive immersion beneficial even when you’re not paying attention?
42:04 – What is the ideal sentence length for sentence cards? Is it fine to make cards with fragments of a sentence?
46:00 – How long did it take after starting pitch accent study before it became useful in comprehending real Japanese?
47:21 – Why is SuperMemo better/more efficient than Anki? Can’t we just make addons to improve those aspects of Anki?
55:47 – I’m already fluent but have a bad accent. How can I improve my accent?
1:00:04 – Have you thought about going to a Polyglot Gathering?
1:00:47 – I have reached basic fluency in Japanese but still feel guilty about doing things in English. What to do about this?
02:10 – What do you actually DO while actively immersing? Should you try to memorize words you look up? What if you didn’t look anything up?
14:19 – What has your experience been with using Anki for other fields of study?
28:45 – Have you ever been skeptical about meditation?
30:35 – What exactly should I be doing with my attention while shadowing?
33:08 – I learned Japanese but don’t want to go to Japan. Should I go to Japan anyway?
39:57 – How much conscious effort do you put into your accent when speaking Japanese?
42:49 – Are programs like Pimsleur or Assimil a good idea for beginners?
46:23 – What is the point of immersion during the RRTK phase? Shouldn’t I just spend more time on kanji?
53:14 – I feel like I over-rely on context when recalling the meaning of words while repping. What should I do about this?
57:06 – Do you have any recommendations for Japanese history books/resources?
1:02:52 – Are fully Japanese textbooks like “Minna no Nihongo” useful?
1:06:27 – Why don’t you recommend trying to understand pitch accent at early as possible?
1:13:37 – Sometimes there are multiple ways to read a word, all with the same meaning. How do you find out what the most common reading is in these sorts of cases?
1:16:23 – Explain the concept of an “accent phrase” in Japanese pitch accent.
1:24:25 – What’s your recommendation regarding ergonomic chairs?
00:25 – What is your elevator pitch for explaining MIA?
05:10 – I’m having trouble finding 1T sentences while immersing; what am I doing wrong?
09:58 – have you read “Moonwalking with Einstein” and what do you think about using hard-core mnemonics for language learning?
21:57 – How can I use MIA to learn code?
26:17 – What are your thoughts on the recent events regarding Culadasa?
27:41 – When are you going to upload the interview with the guy who learned German?
29:05 – How much of an advantage do Chinese people have over Westerners when learning Japanese?
32:30 – Does absolute pitch/relative pitch give you an advantage in language learning?
37:25 – The Tango N5 deck is 50% vocab cards. Is that bad?
40:45 – What are your favorite 四字熟語 (4-character compounds)?
46:23 – Are older anime bad for immersion?
49:11 – How can I do MIA without Anki? How much will not SRSing hurt my progress?
59:18 – What do you think the relationship is between the consciousness and unconscious minds?
1:04:12 – How much easier is learning a European language than learning an Asian language?
1:08:37 – When shadowing, should I continue to shadow the same short section until I get it perfect?
1:09:39 – How do you think that mental health affects work capacity and motivation?
00:40 – What are your thoughts on the newest season of Terrace House?
10:00 – What’s your reaction to Steve Kaufmann saying that learning 3 languages at once is more efficient?
27:03 – What MIA tools do you guys have planned for the future?
33:57 – What can I do to improve my output abilities around 18 months into the process?
45:07 – What do you think of the approach of only immersing with subtitles for the first 2 years?
52:07 – What has your experience learning Mandarin been so far?
1:13:56 – How much better do you think your Japanese will be 5 years from now?
1:16:29 – What do you think about never learning to write out kanji?
1:19:04 – What are your thoughts on setting “New Interval” after lapse to 100% on Anki.
1:30 – What do you mean by “acquisition critical mass”?
6:42 – Are you still planning a vlog trip to Japan?
11:42 – Have you ever met anyone better than you at Japanese?
18:51 – At what point in your AJATT career did the JLPT N1 become a joke?
19:32 – How do you deal with doubt during the early stages of the acquisition process?
27:43 – Set of 3 questions related to executing MIA (card creation, time allocation, pitch accent)
37:59 – What’s the most difficult piece of Japanese media you’ve consumed?
45:12 – Do you have plans to create Japanese content for Japanese people learning English?
46:59 – How should I go about learning to understand math in Japanese?
49:24 – What are your thoughts on microdosing LSD or psilocybin?
56:10 – Do you have any plans to do follow up interviews with people you’ve interviewed in the past?
57:18 – How long will it take me to reach fluency with my current routine? Will the fact that I’m 14 years old help me?
59:27 – What do you think about turning sentence cards into vocab cards after a few reps?
1:04:21 – What is the best way to specifically train phoneme-parsing ability?
1:09:05 – It makes me a long time to make cards. Am I doing something wrong?
00:29 – What is the minimum about of daily active immersion for an intermediate learner to make progress towards fluency?
01:25 – How detrimental is taking periodical breaks from immersion?
09:58 – How can one improve at their native language?
17:00 – How do you go about continually finding interesting immersion content?
24:15 – How can I improve my fossilized English?
30:20 – Are meditation and ambition compatible?
44:17 – Should I invest in pitch accent dictionaries?
45:48 – How should I find non-anime Japanese immersion content?
47:11 – What will the “complete” version of MIA look like?
50:13 – How should I choose between audio-based and text-based sentence cards?
50:47 – What is your take on extensive vs intensive reading?
56:26 – How many words would you say you know in Japanese?
56:38 – I want to sound like ____ in Japanese; can you pick a language parent for me?
59:19 – What is your favorite part of learning Mandarin? After Mandarin are you going to learn another language?
01:01 – You learned Japanese as a teenager but started Mandarin in your 20’s. Do you feel your ability to acquire language has declined due to loss of brain plasticity?
08:53 – What do you think about “corrective listening”?
12:44 – When should I start reading?
14:30 – How do I learn to say things that don’t come up in my immersion?
18:02 – If someone got fluent in reading without doing any listening, how long would it take them to catch their listening ability up?
19:13 – Have you ever seen Kabuki, Noh, or other traditional Japanese theater?
19:37 – How much easier was the second book you ever read compared to the first book? How long did it take you to reach native level comprehension ability?
21:39 – How would you study specifically for the 漢字検定?
22:32 – I immerse with English and Japanese subs on at the same time. Is this a bad idea?
28:50 – How should I balance avoiding premature output while living in Japan? Is memorizing set phrases a good idea?
32:32 – How long did it take you to become able to make sentence cards entirely from listening?
34:49 – Monolingual Transition technique question
39:48 – What do you think about sentence mining solely from Twitter?
41:40 – Is there a Japanese translation of “The Mind Illuminated”? If not, can you recommend a Japanese meditation manual?
43:09 – How much of a gap is there between your Japanese reading comprehension and a native’s?
47:39 – When in the process did you start having bilingual conversations with Japanese friends?
00:25 – Do you plan on making Chinese update videos?
03:37 – What’s your opinion of Antimoon’s “pause and think” technique? Do you disagree with Antimoon on anything?
15:59 – Should I limit how much dubbed content I immerse with? What are the downsides of dubbed content?
23:56 – When you say you made “a ton” of cards for a given book/show, how many cards is “a ton”?
28:42 – Is it a good idea to make cards out of the example sentences from monolingual definitions?
34:56 – Why do you recommend putting entire monolingual definitions on cards, instead of simply the portion of the definition necessary to understand the target sentence?
51:02 – What are the dots I occasionally see next to certain words or phrases in written Japanese? Why do some Japanese authors put seemingly unrelated furigana on top of certain words?
58:32 – How much will immersing with condensed audio files reduce the time it takes to reach fluency?
1:02:17 – How much better is getting 1000 hours of immersion over the course of 1 year compared to getting 1000 hours of immersion over the course of 2 years?
1:04:28 – If I come across a word in kana but the dictionary says the word also has kanji, when I kanjify the word when I make a sentence card for it?
1:08:20 – Is it better to do your Anki reps when they’re due half-assedly, or save them for another day when you’ll be able to do them with your full attention?
1:10:01 – Have you studied the Ainu language? How much has Japanese been influenced by the Ainu language?
1:13:29 – I’m not ready to start learning pitch accent yet. Should I still color code my cards for pitch with the MIA Japanese Add-on?
03:53 – What is the current status of the MIA website? When will it be updated?
09:05 – As an intermediate learner, I constantly come across unknown words, and it feels like at the rate of 10 cards a day I will never reach fluency. Would it be a good idea to make 25-40 cards a day instead?
16:34 – What aspect of the Japanese language tripped you up for the longest amount of time? What was the “aha” moment when it finally clicked?
30:17 – What is your stance on vocab cards? When is it better to make a vocab card instead of a sentence card?
31:54 – How do I avoid learning the wrong meaning when a word has 30+ different entries in the dictionary?
37:36 – How do I improve my output abilities in a language I’m already highly fluent in?
50:59 – Are you going to add a “meditation” section to MIA in the future?
1:09:06 – When should I stop using Anki altogether?
1:13:02 – Do you think it’s possible to fully acquire a language’s phonetic system from immersion and shadowing alone?
1:18:22 – Are there any situations in which it makes sense to use Anki’s “set maximum interval” feature?